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National Achievement Test (NAT G12) Reviewer for Grade 12

National Achievement Test (NAT G12) Reviewer for Grade 12


NAT Grade 12 Review Materials - OneDrive (sharepoint.com)


Philosophy

1. Freedom is associated with the idea of choice. but actions based on choice have consequences. Other ideas that are associated with freedom are the following EXCEPT:

A. liberty B. responsibility C. accountability D. irresponsibility 

Ans. D

2. A Senior High School student has thé freedom to skip classes and be absent from class for several days each month, but this could mean getting low grades. Getting low grades in this case is the of skipping classes. 

A. goal B. result C. cause D. reason 

Ans. B

Explanation:

In this scenario, the freedom to skip classes results in getting low grades. Therefore, the low grades are the consequence or result of skipping classes. So, option B, "result," best fits the context.

3. Exercising our freedom to choose requires being responsible for the outcomes of our choices. Which of the following could be an outcome of a Senior High School student who choose to sell prohibited drugs? 

A. The student will be a good role model of the youth in the community. 

B. The student could be caught and imprisoned for engaging in illegal activity. 

C. There is no doubt that the student will become famous for selling prohibited drugs. 

D. The student's exercise of his freedom to sell prohibited drugs has no consequences at all. 

The correct answer is:

B. The student could be caught and imprisoned for engaging in illegal activity.

Explanation:

Selling prohibited drugs is illegal and unethical behavior. Therefore, one possible outcome of a Senior High School student choosing to sell prohibited drugs is that they could be caught by law enforcement and face legal consequences such as imprisonment. This outcome aligns with the idea that exercising freedom of choice comes with responsibility for the consequences of those choices, especially when they involve illegal actions.

Options A, C, and D are incorrect because they do not reflect the likely consequences of engaging in illegal activity such as selling prohibited drugs.


4. As humans live in the environment, they have a role to play in taking care of it. Below are strategies that will help us take care of the environment EXCEPT:

 A. turning off water faucets when not in use 

B. not turning on the light when no one is using it 

C. not practicing recycling and proper segregation of waste materials 

D. planting seedlings to replace trees that have died and have been cutdown

The correct answer is:

C. not practicing recycling and proper segregation of waste materials

Explanation:

Options A, B, and D are all strategies that contribute positively to environmental conservation:

A. Turning off water faucets when not in use reduces water wastage. B. Not turning on lights when not needed saves electricity, which reduces energy consumption. D. Planting seedlings to replace trees that have died or been cut down contributes to reforestation efforts and helps maintain ecosystem balance.

Option C is the exception because not practicing recycling and proper segregation of waste materials leads to increased pollution and environmental degradation. Recycling and proper waste segregation are essential strategies for minimizing the impact of waste on the environment by reducing the amount of waste sent to landfills and conserving resources through reuse and recycling. Therefore, neglecting these practices would not contribute to taking care of the environment...


For Items 5 and 6, read the text below.

Humans need to live together in order to form a community. To build their houses in the community they need to clear certain areas in the environment. This would involve cutting down some trees.

5. What should they do so they can cut d their houses in the community?

A. Burn the trees so that you do not have to cut them down.

B. Get permission from the proper authorities before clearing the areas.

C. Inform the mayor of the governor as he/she is the head of the municipality.

D. Proceed in cutting down the trees since human lives are more important than

The correct answer is:

B. Get permission from the proper authorities before clearing the areas.

Explanation:

Option B is the most appropriate and responsible course of action. Before cutting down trees to build houses, it's crucial to obtain permission from the appropriate authorities. This permission ensures that the clearing is done legally and in accordance with environmental regulations. It also allows for proper planning and consideration of environmental impacts.

Options A and D are not appropriate or ethical. Burning trees without authorization (Option A) can lead to environmental damage, including air pollution and wildfires. Option D disregards environmental conservation and the importance of balancing human needs with ecological sustainability.

Option C, while involving informing local authorities, may not be sufficient without obtaining official permission. Permission from relevant authorities is essential to ensure that the tree-cutting activity is conducted responsibly and legally.


Humans need to live together in order to form a community. To build their houses in the community they need to clear certain areas in the environment. This would involve cutting down some trees.

6. Which of the following is the BEST alternative approach to the problem?

A. Burning the trees will be an alternative to cutting them down.

B. Cutting down trees is a much better alternative than burning them down.

C. Getting permission from the proper authorities and planting new trees in the

D. Getting permission from the mayor's office is a good alternative considering that he is the head of the municipality.


The best alternative approach to the problem of clearing areas in the environment to build houses, which involves cutting down some trees, is:

C. Getting permission from the proper authorities and planting new trees in the area.

Explanation:

Option C presents a comprehensive and responsible approach. It emphasizes the importance of obtaining permission from the proper authorities before clearing the area, ensuring that the process is conducted legally and in accordance with environmental regulations. Additionally, it suggests mitigating the environmental impact of tree removal by planting new trees in the area, which helps to offset the loss of vegetation and promotes environmental sustainability.

Option A (burning the trees) is not a suitable alternative as it can lead to environmental damage, such as air pollution and wildfires.

Option B (cutting down trees) is not presented as an alternative but rather as part of the initial problem.

Option D (getting permission from the mayor's office) is important but does not address the environmental impact of tree removal or propose measures for ecological restoration, as suggested in option C.


For Items 7 to 9, read the passage below.

We are all connected with one another. We cannot live meaningfully and effectively if we are unable to relate with one another. This will also be true in your classrooms. You would need to relate with one another to be able to do your tasks well.

7. Which among the choices below will help you relate with one another considering .

A. Let people be and do not bother them at all.

B. Accept the differences of everyone and respect them.

C. Judge those who do not meet your standards as persons with special needs.

D. Personal differences can be settled by asking for popular support. Whoever gets popular support will become the standard that will be followed by all.


B. Accept the differences of everyone and respect them.

Explanation:

Option B promotes acceptance and respect for the differences among individuals. This fosters an environment of inclusivity and understanding, allowing people to relate to one another despite their varying backgrounds, perspectives, and characteristics. By accepting and respecting differences, individuals can build stronger and more meaningful relationships based on mutual respect and understanding.

Options A, C, and D are not conducive to fostering positive relationships:

A. "Let people be and do not bother them at all" suggests a lack of engagement or interaction, which does not contribute to building relationships.

C. "Judge those who do not meet your standards as persons with special needs" promotes judgment and discrimination, which can hinder relationship-building.

D. "Personal differences can be settled by asking for popular support" promotes a potentially divisive approach that relies on popularity rather than mutual respect and understanding.



We are all connected with one another. We cannot live meaningfully and effectively if we are unable to relate with one another. This will also be true in your classrooms. You would need to relate with one another to be able to do your tasks well.

8. Based on the passage, select the MOST appropriate method for solving the problem in terms Of differences inside a classroom.

A. With the help of the teacher and classmates, discuss how the class can help encourage acceptance and respect of differences and come up with classroom rules, guidelines, and rules to follow.

B. Personal differences can be settled by asking for popular support. Whoever gets popular support will become the standard that will be followed by all.

C. Follow what the principal would say on the matter, as she is the one that will give the punishment anyway.

D. Let the people be and do not bother them at all.

ANS.

A. With the help of the teacher and classmates, discuss how the class can help encourage acceptance and respect of differences and come up with classroom rules, guidelines, and rules to follow.

Explanation:

Option A aligns with the idea of fostering meaningful relationships and effective communication within the classroom. By involving the teacher and classmates in a discussion, students can work together to address differences, encourage acceptance, and establish rules and guidelines that promote a respectful and inclusive environment. This approach emphasizes collaboration, empathy, and mutual understanding, which are essential for building positive relationships and effectively addressing differences.

Options B, C, and D are not suitable methods for solving the problem:

B. "Personal differences can be settled by asking for popular support" promotes a potentially divisive approach that relies on popularity rather than fostering acceptance and respect.

C. "Follow what the principal would say on the matter, as she is the one that will give the punishment anyway" suggests relying solely on authority figures for resolution, which may not address the underlying issues or promote understanding among students.

D. "Let the people be and do not bother them at all" suggests avoiding engagement or interaction, which does not address the need for building meaningful relationships and effectively addressing differences within the classroom.


We are all connected with one another. We cannot live meaningfully and effectively if we are unable to relate with one another. This will also be true in your classrooms. You would need to relate with one another to be able to do your tasks well.

9. Which of the following is the BEST alternative method to solve the problem within the school community?

A. It is the problem of the parents only and not of the school.

B. The right way is to let people be. No one should bother anyone.

C. There should be strict punishment for those who do not follow the principal's guidelines.

D. The school should implement activities and guidelines that will foster respect of people's differences.

D. The school should implement activities and guidelines that will foster respect for people's differences.

Explanation:

Option D aligns with the idea presented in the passage that effective relationships and meaningful interaction are essential for a community, including within a school. By implementing activities and guidelines that promote respect for people's differences, the school can create an environment that fosters understanding, empathy, and inclusivity. This approach encourages positive interactions among students and helps address conflicts or issues related to differences in a constructive manner.

Options A, B, and C are not suitable methods for solving the problem:

A. "It is the problem of the parents only and not of the school" neglects the responsibility of the school in fostering a positive and inclusive environment for all students.

B. "The right way is to let people be. No one should bother anyone" suggests avoiding engagement or interaction, which does not address the need for building meaningful relationships and effectively addressing differences within the school community.

C. "There should be strict punishment for those who do not follow the principal's guidelines" focuses solely on punitive measures, which may not address the underlying issues or promote understanding among students.


For Items 10 to 12, read the text below.

Climate change is a present concern in our society today. Research points to human actions as the primary cause of this environmental disorder.

10. Which of the following likely explains this problem?

A. Having a position on the problem makes humans responsible with their task of taking care of the environment.

B. The environmental disorder of climate change can be solved by doing environmental studies and research alone.

C. The more humans become wasteful (i.e., throwing garbage anywhere, using plastic bags when shopping), the problem with climate change will worsen.

D. Becoming more frugal in our use of energy (i.e., turning off light when not in use, using energy efficient light) contributes to the worsening of climate change.

C. The more humans become wasteful (i.e., throwing garbage anywhere, using plastic bags when shopping), the problem with climate change will worsen.

Explanation:

Option C aligns with the statement that "research points to human actions as the primary cause of this environmental disorder." Wasteful human behaviors, such as improper disposal of garbage and excessive use of plastic bags, contribute to environmental pollution and degradation, which exacerbate climate change. Therefore, increasing wastefulness is likely to worsen the problem of climate change.

Options A, B, and D are not consistent with the likely explanation:

A. Having a position on the problem making humans responsible for taking care of the environment is a general statement that does not directly address the causes or exacerbation of climate change.

B. The idea that environmental studies and research alone can solve climate change oversimplifies the issue. While research is essential for understanding and addressing climate change, it requires coordinated efforts across various sectors, including policy, industry, and public engagement.

D. Becoming more frugal in our use of energy, such as turning off lights when not in use and using energy-efficient lighting, actually helps mitigate climate change by reducing energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. Therefore, it does not contribute to the worsening of climate change.


Climate change is a present concern in our society today. Research points to human actions as the primary cause of this environmental disorder.

11. Which of the following clearly explains the implications of the climate change

A. Human wastefulness positivity regarding the environment.

B. Becoming frugal in our use of energy resources is not related to our humans as caretakers of our environment.

C. Awareness about the problem of climate change does not improve human understanding of his/her role as steward of the environment.

D. It is not the human being's responsibility to know about environmental problems and disorders, as this is the task only of researchers and scientists

C. Awareness about the problem of climate change does not improve human understanding of his/her role as steward of the environment.

Answer . C

Explanation:

Option C directly addresses the implications of climate change by emphasizing the importance of awareness in understanding human responsibility as stewards of the environment. It suggests that awareness about climate change does indeed improve human understanding of their role in caring for the environment. This option recognizes the significant impact of climate change and the need for individuals to recognize their responsibility in addressing environmental challenges.

Options A, B, and D do not effectively explain the implications of climate change:

A. "Human wastefulness positivity regarding the environment" is unclear and does not directly address the implications of climate change.

B. "Becoming frugal in our use of energy resources is not related to our humans as caretakers of our environment" is a negative statement that does not address the implications of climate change.

D. "It is not the human being's responsibility to know about environmental problems and disorders, as this is the task only of researchers and scientists" contradicts the established understanding that human actions are the primary cause of climate change and neglects individual responsibility in addressing environmental issues.


Climate change is a present concern in our society today. Research points to human actions as the primary cause of this environmental disorder.

12. What hypothesis could be formulated that considers the diverse facets of the environmental issue, including values and social aspects?

A. Social life will improve when humans do research about climate change.

B. Environmental problems will occur and recur so all that is needed to be done is to get our families ready for it.

C. Understanding their role in identifying environmental disorders is sufficient for humans to develop values concerning the care of their environment.

D. Our knowledge and awareness of climate change as an environmental disorder will help us do our part in taking care of our society; which is also part of our moral obligation as humans.

D. Our knowledge and awareness of climate change as an environmental disorder will help us do our part in taking care of our society; which is also part of our moral obligation as humans.

Ans. D

Explanation:

Option D acknowledges the interconnectedness of environmental issues with social values and responsibilities. It suggests that awareness and understanding of climate change will motivate individuals to take action to care for the environment, recognizing it as a moral obligation. This hypothesis considers both the environmental and social dimensions of the issue, emphasizing the importance of individual and collective responsibility in addressing climate change.

Options A, B, and C do not adequately consider the diverse facets of the environmental issue, including values and social aspects:

A. "Social life will improve when humans do research about climate change" focuses solely on the research aspect without considering the broader social and value-based implications.

B. "Environmental problems will occur and recur so all that is needed to be done is to get our families ready for it" oversimplifies the issue and neglects the importance of proactive measures to mitigate and address environmental problems.

C. "Understanding their role in identifying environmental disorders is sufficient for humans to develop values concerning the care of their environment" suggests that mere understanding of environmental issues is enough to develop values, without considering the broader social context and the need for action and responsibility.


For Items 13 to 15, read the passage below.

A student-athlete recognizes the physical limitations of his body in playing his sport his body weakness even if his spirits are high.

13. Which ofthe following BEST explains why he continues to engage in sports despite his limitations?

A. The more the student-athlete exercises and practices regularly, the beåel he will be able to improve his physical skills and strength in playing his sports.

B. The student-athlete's strength Will most Probably decrease following rigorous exercise that he will perform.

c. When a student-athlete regularly exercises and he is able to get

D. The student-athlete's strength Will not reach its maximum peak if he Will exercise.

Ans . A

The option that BEST explains why the student-athlete continues to engage in sports despite his limitations is:

A. The more the student-athlete exercises and practices regularly, the better he will be able to improve his physical skills and strength in playing his sports.

Explanation:

Option A highlights the potential for improvement through regular exercise and practice. Despite recognizing his physical limitations, the student-athlete understands that consistent training can lead to enhancement of skills and strength over time. This option reflects the determination and commitment of the student-athlete to overcome obstacles and strive for improvement in his sport.

Options B, C, and D do not adequately explain why the student-athlete continues to engage in sports despite his limitations:

B. This option suggests a negative outcome (decrease in strength) following exercise, which is not motivational for the student-athlete.

C. This option is incomplete and does not provide a clear explanation of the student-athlete's motivation to continue engaging in sports.

D. This option suggests a limitation in the potential for strength improvement through exercise, which contradicts the premise that regular exercise can lead to improvement in physical skills and strength.


Passage Of student fOUOWing BEST explains the developing A The physiÄl tirnitat.one Änfidence is not related to their ability to overcome B. student-athletes physical limitations be overcome through pure C. student-athletes' Änfidence Will increase when are able to overcome their Physical limitations by doing regular exercise and practice. D. The student-athletes' confidence will decrease when they are able to overcome their physical limitations by doing regular exercise and practice. 15. What hypothesis could be made that considers the psychological aspect of Increasing confidence levels and the values dimension of the issue? A. Student - athletes' values and confidence can only be developed through pure interest in the sport. B. Student-athletes' values are only related to other aspects of their personalities and are not at all related to sports. C. Student-athletes' physical limitations cannot be overcome through developing the value of hard work, practice, and exercise. This in turn will not help boost their confidence. D. Student-athletes' recognition of their physical limitations will help them develop the value of hard work, which they can demonstrate through regular exercise and practice. This could help them overcome their limitations and boost their level of confidence in doing their sports. 16. Maria's family has settled in a permanent area in a certain place along with other families. They started planting crops and exchanged them for bread and other necessities in the nearby marketplace. Which form of society does Maria's family belong to? A. Agricultural society B. Free trade society C. Industrial society D. Virtual society



1. d  2. b   3.b    4. c   5.b    6 c   7. b   8 a   9.d    10.c   11.c     12.. D    13A.    14    15    16    17    18    19    20



Philosophy 1. D 2. B 3. B 4. C 5. B 6. C 7. B 8. A 9. D 10. A/c 11. A/ c 12. C/d 13. A 14. C 15. D 16. A 17. D 18. C 19.- 20- 21. A 22. B 23. - 24. - 25. C 26. B 27. - 28. D 29. D 30. B 31. A 32. D 33. A 34. C 35. A 36. C

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